Saturated Fat: Part of a Healthy Diethttp://sci-hub.tw/10.1007/s13668-018-0238-x
"Purpose of Review Despite the American public following recommendations to decrease absolute dietary fat intake and specifically
decrease saturated fat intake, we have seen a dramatic rise over the past 40 years in the rates of non-communicable diseases
associated with obesity and overweight, namely cardiovascular disease. The development of the diet-heart hypothesis in the mid
twentieth century led to faulty but long-held beliefs that dietary intake of saturated fat led to heart disease. Saturated fat can lead to
increased LDL cholesterol levels, and elevated plasma cholesterol levels have been shown to be a risk factor for cardiovascular
disease; however, the correlative nature of their association does not assign causation.
Recent Findings Advances in understanding the role of various lipoprotein particles and their atherogenic risk have been
helpful for understanding how different dietary components may impact CVD risk. Numerous meta-analyses and systematic
reviews of both the historical and current literature reveals that the diet-heart hypothesis was not, and still is not,
supported by the evidence. There appears to be no consistent benefit to all-cause or CVD mortality from the reduction of
dietary saturated fat. Further, saturated fat has been shown in some cases to have an inverse relationship with obesity-related
type 2 diabetes.
Summary Rather than focus on a single nutrient, the overall diet quality and elimination of processed foods, including simple
carbohydrates, would likely do more to improve CVD and overall health. It is in the best interest of the American public to clarify
dietary guidelines to recognize that dietary saturated fat is not the villain we once thought it was."
The Militant Vegans disagree, obviously.
Effect of combined use of a low-carbohydrate, high-protein diet with
omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation on glycemic
control in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes: a randomized,
double-blind, parallel-controlled trialhttp://sci-hub.tw/10.1093/ajcn/nqy120
"Results: Compared with the CON diet group, greater decreases in
glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and fasting glucose were observed in
all of the other 3 diet groups at 12 wk. Of note, HbA1c reduction
in the LCHP+ω-3 diet group (−0.51%; 95% CI: −0.64%, −0.37%)
was greater than that in the LCHP (P = 0.03) and ω-3 (P = 0.01) diet
groups at 12 wk. In terms of fasting glucose, only the LCHP+ω-3 diet
group showed a significant decrease at 4 wk (P = 0.03 compared with
CON). Moreover, the reduction in fasting glucose in the LCHP+ω-
3 diet group (−1.32 mmol/L; 95% CI: −1.72, −0.93 mmol/L) was
greater than that in the LCHP (P = 0.04) and ω-3 (P = 0.03) diet
groups at 12 wk"
Not perfect but interesting, hint: 42% carbs is NOT low.
Effects of Popular Diets without Specific Calorie Targets on Weight Loss Outcomes: Systematic Review of Findings from Clinical Trialshttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5579615/
"Of the diets evaluated, the Atkins Diet showed the most evidence in producing clinically meaningful short-term (≤six months) and long-term (≥one-year) weight loss. Other popular diets may be equally or even more effective at producing weight loss, but this is unknown at the present time since there is a paucity of studies on these diets."
Ooh the dieticians aren't going to like this.