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    Oleuropein aglycone: A polyphenol with different targets against amyloid toxicity

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    yoly
    yoly
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    Oleuropein aglycone: A polyphenol with different targets against amyloid toxicity

    Post by yoly on Thu Dec 13 2018, 09:49

    (The olive leaf have the highest concentration of oleuropein. Oleuropein has many other health benefits specially for a diabetic)

    Oleuropein aglycone: A polyphenol with different targets against amyloid toxicity

    https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304416518300850

    Highlights



       Oleuropein aglycone reduces the D76N b2m/membrane interaction.


       Oleuropein aglycone alters the surface properties of D76N b2m aggregates.


       Oleuropein aglycone might be used to counteract b2m- related pathologies

    Abstract
    Background

    Many data highlight the benefits of the Mediterranean diet and its main lipid component, extra-virgin olive oil (EVOO). EVOO contains many phenolic compounds that have been found effective against several aging- and lifestyle-related diseases, including neurodegeneration. Oleuropein, a phenolic secoiroid glycoside, is the main polyphenol in the olive oil. It has been reported that the aglycone form of Oleuropein (OleA) interferes in vitro and in vivo with amyloid aggregation of a number of proteins/peptides involved in amyloid, particularly neurodegenerative, diseases avoiding the growth of toxic oligomers and displaying protection against cognitive deterioration.
    Methods

    In this study, we carried out a cellular and biophysical study on the relationships between the effects of OleA on the aggregation and cell interactions of the D76N β2-microglobulin (D76N b2m) variant associated with a familial form of systemic amyloidosis with progressive bowel dysfunction and extensive visceral amyloid deposits.
    Results

    Our results indicate that OleA protection against D76N b2m cytotoxicity results from i) a modification of the conformational and biophysical properties of its amyloid fibrils; ii) a modification of the cell bilayer surface properties of exposed cells.
    Conclusions

    This study reveals that OleA remodels not only D76N b2m aggregates but also the cell membrane interfering with the misfolded proteins-cell membrane association, in most cases an early event triggering amyloid–mediated cytotoxicity.
    General significance

    The data provided in the present article focus on OleA protection, featuring this polyphenol as a promising plant molecule useful against amyloid diseases.
    chris c
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    Re: Oleuropein aglycone: A polyphenol with different targets against amyloid toxicity

    Post by chris c on Fri Dec 14 2018, 21:13

    I always preferred the tangy and peppery EVOO, an old friend (now deceased) was a major fan. The Co-Op had an excellent Greek EVOO in glass bottles, now long gone.

    I hadn't previously seen research on the actual components, just the complete oil, this is interesting. Though maybe it will lead to prescription olive oil pills . . .

      Current date/time is Thu Jan 24 2019, 02:55