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    Food consumption and the actual statistics of cardiovascular diseases: an epidemiological comparison of 42 European countries

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    graham64
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    Food consumption and the actual statistics of cardiovascular diseases: an epidemiological comparison of 42 European countries

    Post by graham64 on Wed Jun 28 2017, 22:26

    Not sure if this has been posted here before 


    Abstract

    Background: The aim of this ecological study was to identify the main nutritional factors related to the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) in Europe, based on a comparison of international statistics.

    Design: The mean consumption of 62 food items from the FAOSTAT database (1993–2008) was compared with the actual statistics of five CVD indicators in 42 European countries. Several other exogenous factors (health expenditure, smoking, body mass index) and the historical stability of results were also examined.

    Results: We found exceptionally strong relationships between some of the examined factors, the highest being a correlation between raised cholesterol in men and the combined consumption of animal fat and animal protein (r=0.92, p<0.001). The most significant dietary correlate of low CVD risk was high total fat and animal protein consumption. Additional statistical analyses further highlighted citrus fruits, high-fat dairy (cheese) and tree nuts. Among other non-dietary factors, health expenditure showed by far the highest correlation coefficients. The major correlate of high CVD risk was the proportion of energy from carbohydrates and alcohol, or from potato and cereal carbohydrates. Similar patterns were observed between food consumption and CVD statistics from the period 1980–2000, which shows that these relationships are stable over time. However, we found striking discrepancies in men’s CVD statistics from 1980 and 1990, which can probably explain the origin of the ‘saturated fat hypothesis’ that influenced public health policies in the following decades.

    Conclusion: Our results do not support the association between CVDs and saturated fat, which is still contained in official dietary guidelines. Instead, they agree with data accumulated from recent studies that link CVD risk with the high glycaemic index/load of carbohydrate-based diets. In the absence of any scientific evidence connecting saturated fat with CVDs, these findings show that current dietary recommendations regarding CVDs should be seriously reconsidered.

    Full text: http://journals.co-action.net/index.php/fnr/article/view/31694



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    chris c
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    Re: Food consumption and the actual statistics of cardiovascular diseases: an epidemiological comparison of 42 European countries

    Post by chris c on Thu Jun 29 2017, 22:41

    Oh yes, absolutely fascinating. They dug up a whole horde of other factors which no-one except the likes of Malcolm Kendrick and other with Clue even considered.

    It's like a crime drama where the FBI have cholesterol under 24 hour surveillance and meanwhile insulin is running round doing all sorts of crimes behind their backs, with a gang of other participants.

    Thanks to George Henderson for digging up some vintage papers

    http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/circulationaha/23/6/847.full.pdf

    from 1961

    "No correlation could be observed between
    the serum cholesterol level and the amount
    and severity of atheroselerosis in the arteries."

    He quotes another here from 1967

    https://profgrant.com/2017/06/21/the-empire-strikes-back-american-heart-association-gets-presidential-on-saturated-fats/

    From 2011

    http://www.njmonline.nl/getpdf.php?id=1095

    "We conclude that avoidance of SAFA
    accumulation by reducing the intake of CHO with high
    glycaemic index is more effective in the prevention of CVD
    than reducing SAFA intake per se"

    https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/british-journal-of-nutrition/article/effects-of-lowcarbohydrate-diets-v-lowfat-diets-on-body-weight-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-a-metaanalysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials/B8FBAC51C156D8CAB189CF0B14FB2A46

    tl;dr

    "We really really wanted to prove that low carb diets were dangerous but unfortunately we failed"

    https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/proceedings-of-the-nutrition-society/article/div-classtitleshould-a-low-carbohydrate-diet-be-recommended-for-diabetes-managementdiv/E5C2E3059142A9C4D5C2A73EB1DB8F09/core-reader

    "A carbohydrate restricted diet can provide a safe and effective solution for improving diabetes management and should have a place within the diabetic guidelines. The diet was effective in reducing postprandial hyperglycemia and glycaemic variability resulting in low levels of glycaemia without the risk of hypoglycaemia. The ability of the diet to reduce the symptoms of dyslipidemia is of particular importance and when compared to the traditional low fat diet for weight loss, the low carbohydrate diet was comparable and in some instances better. There were significant reductions or cessation of diabetic medication reported throughout the literature alongside a reduction in the psychological aspects of living with a long-term disease. It is possible that the current dietary advice may actually accelerate beta cell exhaustion with elevated blood glucose diminishing the islet cells ability to produce insulin."

    Low fat is falling like ninepins except in the minds of dieticians, the AHA and other paid shills for Big Food and Big Pharma who are battling to save their dogma for all it's worth.

      Current date/time is Fri Nov 24 2017, 05:46