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    Patterns of dairy food intake, body composition and markers of metabolic health in Ireland

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    graham64
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    Patterns of dairy food intake, body composition and markers of metabolic health in Ireland

    Post by graham64 on Wed Mar 01 2017, 21:54

    Results from the National Adult Nutrition Survey

    Abstract 

    Background: Studies examining the association between dairy consumption and metabolic health have shown mixed results. This may be due, in part, to the use of different definitions of dairy, and to single types of dairy foods examined in isolation.

    Objective: The objective of the study was to examine associations between dairy food intake and metabolic health, identify patterns of dairy food consumption and determine whether dairy dietary patterns are associated with outcomes of metabolic health, in a cross-sectional survey.

    Design: A 4-day food diary was used to assess food and beverage consumption, including dairy (defined as milk, cheese, yogurt, cream and butter) in free-living, healthy Irish adults aged 18–90 years (n=1500). Fasting blood samples (n=897) were collected, and anthropometric measurements taken. Differences in metabolic health markers across patterns and tertiles of dairy consumption were tested via analysis of covariance. Patterns of dairy food consumption, of different fat contents, were identified using cluster analysis.

    Results: Higher (total) dairy was associated with lower body mass index, %body fat, waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio (P<0.001), and lower systolic (P=0.02) and diastolic (P<0.001) blood pressure. Similar trends were observed when milk and yogurt intakes were considered separately. Higher cheese consumption was associated with higher C-peptide (P<0.001). Dietary pattern analysis identified three patterns (clusters) of dairy consumption; 'Whole milk', 'Reduced fat milks and yogurt' and 'Butter and cream'. The 'Reduced fat milks and yogurt' cluster had the highest scores on a Healthy Eating Index, and lower-fat and saturated fat intakes, but greater triglyceride levels (P=0.028) and total cholesterol (P=0.015). conclusion: Overall, these results suggest that while milk and yogurt consumption is associated with a favourable body phenotype, the blood lipid profiles are less favourable when eaten as part of a low-fat high-carbohydrate dietary pattern. More research is needed to better understand this association.

    Conclusion: Overall, these results suggest that although milk and yogurt consumption is associated with a favourable body phenotype, the blood lipid profiles are less favourable when eaten as part of a low-fat high-carbohydrate dietary pattern. More research is needed to better understand this association.

    Full text: http://www.nature.com/nutd/journal/v7/n2/full/nutd201654a.html

    Don't think the conclusion will come as a surprise to those following LCHF


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    Not all cherubs are Angels  Wink nor all diabetics Bonkers  Rolling Eyes
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    chris c
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    Re: Patterns of dairy food intake, body composition and markers of metabolic health in Ireland

    Post by chris c on Wed Mar 01 2017, 23:30

    Yes it's the Irish Paradox. How much more research is required before they conclude they have been talking out of their arse for decades now?

    Even Ron Krauss was caught out once by the fact that milk was worse than cheese. Well it is higher carb, low fat dairy especially so. So not really a surprise then.

    Currently I'm eating Kerrygold.
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    Jan1
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    Re: Patterns of dairy food intake, body composition and markers of metabolic health in Ireland

    Post by Jan1 on Thu Mar 02 2017, 19:36

    @chris c wrote:

    Currently I'm eating Kerrygold.

    For me Kerrygold is the best ...

    I always look out for any special offers on it - please keep me posted should you, or anyone, see one.

    Thanks ...

    All the best Jan
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    chris c
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    Re: Patterns of dairy food intake, body composition and markers of metabolic health in Ireland

    Post by chris c on Thu Mar 02 2017, 22:50

    Not only haven't seen ANY special offers on butter for a while now but one of my other favourites - President - which Graham reminded me about recently, has vanished entirely. Currently the choice is between Kerrygold and Anchor. I might retry the Co-Op own brand, and Lurpak which has a rather weird flavour. I will NOT be trying the most recent Stork though even if it does "contain butter".

    That reminds me I haven't seen the Irish cheddar I used to like for cooking for ages either.
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    graham64
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    Re: Patterns of dairy food intake, body composition and markers of metabolic health in Ireland

    Post by graham64 on Fri Mar 03 2017, 22:11

    Nope not seen any offers on butter of late, glad I don't have any problems sourcing my favourite though President, both Waitrose and Sainsbury's always have it in stock  Cool


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    Proving the LowCarb sceptics wrong for over ten years

    Not all cherubs are Angels  Wink nor all diabetics Bonkers  Rolling Eyes
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    chris c
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    Re: Patterns of dairy food intake, body composition and markers of metabolic health in Ireland

    Post by chris c on Sat Mar 04 2017, 23:15

    I feel a shopping trip coming on, there's a Waitrose in a town just down the road.

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    Re: Patterns of dairy food intake, body composition and markers of metabolic health in Ireland

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